He was given the name is William Matthew Flinders Petrie.
Petrie's mother, Anne, had a love for science, namely fossils and natural minerals. Anne Petrie was a daughter of Captain Matthew Flinders, who was a celebrated early explorer of the coasts of Australia.
He was able to determine the unit of measurement used for the construction of Stonehenge, so in 1880, at the age of 24, Flinders Petrie published his first book called Stonehenge: Plans, Description, and Theories; this book would become the basis for future discoveries at that site.
That same year, he began his more than forty years of exploration and examination of Egypt and the Middle East.
So, we have a “clock” which starts ticking the moment something dies.
Obviously, this works only for things which were once living.
Archaeology also examines many of the same topics explored by historians.
But unlike historythe study of written records such as government archives, personal correspondence, and business documentsmost of the information gathered in archaeology comes from the study of objects lying on or under the ground Archaeologists refer to the vast store of information about the human past as the archaeological record.
We will deal with carbon dating first and then with the other dating methods.
Carbon has unique properties that are essential for life on Earth.
With its focus on the ancient past, archaeology somewhat resembles paleontologythe study of fossils of long-extinct animals, such as dinosaurs.
However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life.
Consider the following scenario: Paul the Paleontologist is a very famous scientist who has studied dinosaur bones all over the world.